Neo4j.rb is an ActiveRecord-inspired OGM (Object Graph Mapping, like ORM) for Ruby supporting Neo4j 2.1+.



An Object or Entity which has a distinct identity. Can store arbitrary properties with values
A means of identifying nodes. Nodes can have zero or more labels. While similar in concept to relational table names, nodes can have multiple labels (i.e. a node could have the labels Person and Teacher)
A link from one node to another. Can store arbitrary properties with values. A direction is required but relationships can be traversed bi-directionally without a performance impact.
Relationships always have exactly one type which describes how it is relating it’s source and destination nodes (i.e. a relationship with a FRIEND_OF type might connect two Person nodes)


Neo4j.rb consists of the neo4j and neo4j-core gems.

Provides ActiveNode and ActiveRel modules for object modeling. Introduces Model and Association concepts (see below). Depends on neo4j-core and thus both are available when neo4j is used
Provides low-level connectivity, transactions, and response object wrapping. Includes Query class for generating Cypher queries with Ruby method chaining.
A Ruby class including either the Neo4j::ActiveNode module (for modeling nodes) or the Neo4j::ActiveRel module (for modeling relationships) from the neo4j gem. These modules give classes the ability to define properties, associations, validations, and callbacks
Defined on an ActiveNode model. Defines either a has_one or has_many relationship to a model. A higher level abstraction of a Relationship

Code Examples

With Neo4j.rb, you can use either high-level abstractions for convenience or low level APIs for flexibility.


ActiveNode provides an Object Graph Model (OGM) for abstracting Neo4j concepts with an ActiveRecord-like API:

# Models to create nodes
person = Person.create(name: 'James', age: 15)

# Get object by attributes
person = Person.find_by(name: 'James', age: 15)

# Associations to traverse relationships

# Method-chaining to build and execute queries
Person.where(name: 'James').order(age: :desc).first

# Query building methods can be chained with associations
# Here we get other owners for pre-2005 vehicles owned by the person in question
person.vehicles(:v).where('v.year < 2005').owners(:other).to_a


See the next section for instructions on Setup